The Ataturk Maouselum, part of the Anıt Kabir (literally "memorial tomb"), is the mausoleum of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the leader of the Turkish War of Independence and the founder and first president of the Republic of Turkey.
The Anit Kabir encapsulates both architectural impressiveness and historical significance, making it one of Ankara's must sees. Anit Kabir's construction spanned 9 years and commenced in 1944. It consists of four main parts - the Road of Lions, the Ceremonial Plaza, the Hall of Honor (the location of Atatürk's tomb) and the Peace Park that surrounds the monument.
Inside of the ceremonial plaza you can find several museum rooms displaying memorabilia and personal artifacts of Ataturk, giving visitors a sense of the famous leader's life. The Hall of Honor is an impressively lofty structure, lined in marble and decorated with mosaics. An immense marble cenotaph stands at the northern end of the hall above the actual tomb.
Practical Info: A leader of the Turkish nationalist movement, Ataturk serves as the nation's most famous hero for his outstanding political and military leadership. After the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in World War I, he spearheaded the Turkish nationalist movement in the Turkish War of Independence, which eventually culminated in the creation of an independent Turkish nation in 1923.
During his time as president of Turkey, Ataturk embarked on a serires of political, economic, and cultural reforms, eventually transforming the former Ottoman Empire into a modern and secular nation-state.
Located atop a hill in the heart of Ankara, the Ankara Citadel, or castle, serves as one of the most recognizable symbol's of Turkey's capital. Visiting the citadel is more than just seeing the impressive structure, with its 14-16 m (46-53 ft) high walls. A journey inside the citadel also provides you with a look at what ancient Turkey might have looked like.The structures within and around the castle serve as some of the oldest authentic examples of traditional Turkish architecture. Although no one know for sure exactly how old the citadel is, its foundations were thought to have been laid by Galatians nearly 3,000 years ago. Inside the citadel, many of the old houses have been restored and converted into restaurants, creating the atmosphere of an ancient Anatolian village. The local people still live as if in a traditional Turkish town. As you wander along the narrow winding streets, you'll often see women beating and sorting through skeins of wool.
Practical Info:The citadel is located in the middle of central Ankara, making it easy to visit no matter where you are staying.
As travelers make their way through the different parts of the museum, they'll embark on a chronological journey through Anatolia's past. With relics from different periods of Anatolian history including those from Palaeolithic, Neolithic, Chalcolithic, Bronze Age, Assyrian, Hittite, Phrygian, Urartian and Lydian civilizations, there are also classical Greek and Roman artifacts on display in a separate section of the museum.
Practical Info: As Anatolia is one of the cradle of human civilization, a voyage through the museum parallels a passage through human history.Viewing each of the rooms dedicated to the different historical periods affords one valuable insight into the trajectory of human civilization. Watch how the artifacts tell the story of human's progression from nomadic lifestyles as hunter-gatherers, to settling in small villages and cultivating crops, to crafting pottery from copper.
The Erimtan Archaeology and Arts Museum houses a diverse collection of artifacts unearthed in Anatolia. The collection was born out of the decades-long passion that Yüksel Erimtan has for archaeology.
A civil engineer by training, Yüksel Erimtan began acquiring archaeological artifacts in the 1960s while working on construction projects in the south of Turkey near the city of Tarsus. Ancient jewelry comprised the first pieces of his collection.
Working closely with qualified archaeologists, he began widening his collection by focusing on coins, seal stones, glass and ceramic objects.
The Rahmi M. Koç Müzesi, part of the Rahmi M. Koç Müzecilik ve Kültür Vakfı, is a private non-profit making institution dedicated to the collecting, housing, researching, preserving and exhibiting of industrial and engineering objects and their documentation from all countries and periods up to the present day. The Museum shall use its collections and resources to inform, inspire and delight the general public, to promote both museum-going and cultural activities in Turkey, and to support research into industrial history.
Ethnography Museum of Ankara is the first museum of Turkish Rebuplic which was planned and built by the directive of Atatürk, the great leader. Arif Hikmet Koyunoğlu, the architect of the building, is one of the most valuable architects of the Republican period. Architecture of Ethnography Museum of Ankara reflects the characteristics of each period of Anatolia from the early ages to the Republic. The Museum which was opened to public on 18th July 1930 and remained open until the date on November 1938 where the inner courtyard of the museum served as the temporary grave for Atatürk. The Ethnographic museum of Ankara reopened its doors to public, owing to the International Museums week, in 6th-14th October 1956.
Ethnography Museum of Ankara contains a rich collection of works which reflect ethnographic aspects of all people lived in Anatolia At the museum, it is possible to see folk costumes, ornaments, Turkish-specific technical materials compiled from various regions of Anatolia as well as the finest examples of Ottoman calligraphic art, Turkish tile and glass art, metalworking art and wooden artifacts. Also exhibited at the Ethnography Museum is a collection of carpets and kilims from the famous carpet weaving centers of Uşak, Bergama, Kula, Milas, Ladik, Karaman, Niğde, and Kırşehir. The museum also has a specialized library on Anatolian ethnography and folklore, containing artifacts available related to the history of art.
This Natural History Museum can be found on the grounds of the MTA on Eskisehir road outside Ankara. The Museum, founded in 1935 by MTA (Mineral Research and Exploration) under Atatürk's directives, opened its doors to the scientific world and to the public in 1968. Materials collected from geologic, mineralogical, and paleontological research and study are exhibited in this 4,000-square-meter museum.